Gothic rock evolved out of post punk during the late 1970s.
Originally considered just a label for a small handful of punk
rock/post punk bands, goth only began to be defined as a separate
movement in 1981. While most punk bands focused on aggressive, outward rock,
the early gothic bands were more introverted and personal, with elements
that can be traced to much older literary movements such as gothic horror,
Romanticism, existential philosophy, and the philosophical construct of
nihilism. The earliest gothic bands were Bauhaus (whose song "Bela
Lugosi's Dead" is said to have created the gothic scene), The Cult, and
Fields of the Nephilim.